Volume 13, Issue 2, 2021
Authors: Alla PLESHKANOVSKA, Svitlana BIRIUK
“OUTDATED HOUSING STOCK” AS AN OBJECT OF COMPLEX RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS: CHALLENGES FOR UKRAINE
European countries have accumulated quite a wide experience in the reconstruction of the multiapartment housing stock of the first period of mass industrial construction. But, in Ukraine, where such a stock is about 18%, the solution to this problem has not been properly implemented. The reasons for the lag of Ukraine compared to other European countries in the reconstruction of outdated buildings are analysed. The paper describes the features of identified outdated residential buildings by typological groups, which are typical for Ukrainian cities – historical type buildings, barrack type buildings, “stalinka” type buildings, buildings of the first period of industrial housing construction (“khrushchevka” type panel and brick buildings). The features of their cluster spatial localization on a large city plan are also considered. Based on the European countries' wide experience, the authors analysed the features of solving such a problem for Ukrainian cities. In particular, the indicators of physical deterioration are too high (from 50% up to 70%), and there are a high privatized housing percentage (up to 92%) and a low population income, which does not allow to attract the residents’ own funds for the complex preconstruction programs and projects realization. The study was carried out on the example of the city of Kyiv statistical data. The conclusions of the study can be useful mainly for post-Soviet countries and for other countries with similar socio-economic conditions.
Key words: outdated housing stock, objects of reconstruction, program for the reconstruction, methods of reconstruction.